Over the years, the U.S. Congress has enacted three major laws to fund domestic violence programs and services:
- Family Violence Prevention and Services Act – 1984
- Victims of Crime Act – 1984
- Violence Against Women Act – 1994
These laws fund a variety of initiatives administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and Department of Justice (DoJ).
Several other federal programs award grants or otherwise address domestic violence issues:
- Agency for International Development Women in Development program
- Citizenship and Immigration Service
- Department of Defense Community and Family Policy Program
- Department of Health and Human Services welfare programs:
- Temporary Assistance for Needy Family (Title IV-A)
- Child Welfare Services Programs (Title IV-B)
- Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Programs (Title IV-E)
- Social Services Block Grant (Title XX)
- Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
- Housing and Urban Development:
- Emergency Shelter Grants Program
- Community Development Block Grants
- Legal Services Corporation
- State Department Office of Global Women’s Issues
The total federal outlay for domestic violence programs, services, and other initiatives has been estimated at $1 billion dollars a year (1).
(1) Stop Abusive and Violent Environments: Estimated National Expenditures for Domestic Violence Prevention and Control. Rockville, MD. 2010.
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